6 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty

Where we are

A well grown plot for sunflower farming demostration at Guta village Bunda District

The level of poverty remained high in Tanzania with one-third of the population considered poor. Poverty dropped only marginally from 35.7 per cent in 2001 to 33.6 per cent in 2007 and the absolute number of the poor has increased by 1.3 million during the same period as per the Household Budget Survey 2007. This is in despite recording high rates of economic growth over the years, averaging 7 per cent per annum since 2001. A new Household Budget Survey is being undertaken in 2013. High growth has not translated into a corresponding reduction in poverty as the economic growth has not been pro-poor. Underlying reasons for high level of poverty is due to slow growth in the agricultural sector, on which the majority of the poor depends for a living. Agricultural growth, at around 4.5 per cent, is not high enough to raise the poor above the poverty line given the high population growth in rural areas. Employment opportunities in other sectors are also limited as growth has occurred in low-labor intensive sectors. Lack of proper infrastructure and access to basic services and markets also seem to curtail rural development.

Aware of the challenges the Government has initiated the Kilimo Kwanza (agriculture first) and the Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor of Tanzania (SAGCOT) with the objective of promoting agriculture as a means of reducing poverty and hunger. Tanzania is also a pilot under the MDG Acceleration Framework and focus on reducing hunger with support from all stakeholders.

Our Stories

  • Community based activities improve women’s lives

    Jipe Moyo Women Group, Kibara village in Bunda District (Lake Zone part of Tanzania) is made of 30 women who are engaging in small income generating activities for their livelihood. The group was established in 2006 following their own ambition of liberating themselves from poverty through forming self help groups. The aim of the group was to help each other through undertaking small income generating activities eg horticulture, poultry keeping and fishing.more

  • A well grown sunflower farm at Guta village,Bunda District

    Modern farming helps farmers improve their agricultural productivity

    Kurwa Nyaroche is among of the farmers at Guta village, Bunda District, Mara Region, who is seeing a big difference in his agricultural productivity after received a support from Millenium Development Acceleration framework (MAF) project to adapt on the new ways of farming.more

Targets for MDG1
  1. Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day
    • Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day
    • Poverty gap ratio
    • Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
  2. Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
    • Growth rate of GDP per person employed
    • Employment-to-population ratio
    • Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day
    • Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment
  3. Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
    • Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age
    • Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption