6 Achieve universal primary education

Where we are?


Most indicators in education have registered improvement over time. By 2011, net enrolment rates in primary education had slightly declined to 94 percent from 97.2 percent in 2008. There is near gender parity with regard to enrolment of girls and boys at the primary school level. However, primary School retention rates (proportion of children enrolled in Standard I who complete Standard VII) have dropped from 78 percent in 2006 to 64 percent in 2011.

Retention of girls is slightly better than that of boys. There is still concern about the performance of girls in Standard VII (Primary School Leaving) Examinations. Transition rates indicate that Secondary School enrolment is up with a reduction gender gap over the years. However, after Form IV the retention of girls drops somewhat. Adult illiteracy remains high. According to the HBS 2007, literacy rate among age 15+ is 72.5 per cent (80 per cent for men and 66.1 per cent for women). Overall, about 27.5 per cent of Tanzanians cannot read and write in any language. There is more illiteracy among women (34 per cent) than men (20 per cent). The target of eliminating illiteracy by 2015 remains challenging particularly for rural women.

Targets for MDG2
  1. Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling
    • Net enrolment ratio in primary education
    • Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary
    • Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds, women and men