6 Promote gender equality and empower women

Where we are?


While Tanzania has made considerable progress in gender parity at the primary and secondary school levels, gender parity at the tertiary level is much to be desired. For example, the ratio of girls to boys in the primary school at 101 in 2011 indicates that Tanzania has already achieved the respective MDG target. Gender gap in secondary school has deteriorated since 2007, ratio of girls to boys in the secondary school dropping to 81 per cent by 2011. Girls’ participation in tertiary education falls far short of the target.

The main gender disparities are in retention and performance of girls. For example, the pass rate for girls in the Primary School Leaving Examination was 48 per cent in 2010 compared to 59 per cent for boys. Moreover, early pregnancies and marriages continue to contribute significantly to school drop out among girls in both rural and urban areas. Tanzania has made some progress in women’s representation in Parliament, the share increasing from 30 per cent to 36 per cent after the general election in 2010

Targets for MDG3
  1. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015
    • Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education
    • Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector
    • Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament