6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Where we are?

Progress has been made in reducing HIV prevalence in adults from 9.4 per cent in 2000 to 5.1 per cent in 2012, achieving the MDG target well in advance. The prevalence rates among women declined from 7.7 per cent in 2003 to 6.2 per cent in 2012 while that among men dropped from 6.8 per cent to 3.8. HIV prevalence rates among youth has dropped quite substantially; from 4.0 per cent to 2.7 per cent among young women in the 15-24 years age group and from 3.6 per cent to 1.1 among young men in the same age group.

HIV prevalence in Zanzibar is far low compared to the mainland; 1.1 per cent for women in the age group 15-49 (against 6.3 for the Mainland) and 0.9 per cent for men (against 3.9 per cent for the Mainland)) in 2012. The knowledge of HIV/AIDS among young men (47%) and young women (40%), and the knowledge of a source of condoms (85% and 65%, respectively for young men and women) seem to be key contributors to a reduction in HIV prevalence. The total number of HIV positive people is estimated to be slightly over 1 million among adults aged 15 – 49 years. These estimates are lower than previous estimates. Meanwhile, malaria prevalence rate among children between 6-59 months old dropped from 18 per cent in 2007 to 9 per cent in 2011.

Our Stories

Targets for MDG6
  1. Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
    • HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
    • Condom use at last high-risk sex
    • Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
    • Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years
  2. Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
    • Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs