6 Ensure environmental sustainability

Where we are?


Recent statistics indicate that 36 per cent of the total land area of Tanzania is covered by natural forest and woodland in 2007, a drop from 46 per cent in 2005. The rate of deforestation is estimated at 412,000 ha per annum. A total of 17,449 square kilometres has been designated as protected areas. “Protected Areas (PA) in Tanzania are; (in declining order of conservation standing): National Parks, Forest Nature Reserves, Game Reserves, and Forest Reserves, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area and Wildlife Management Areas.

The national PA system includes 15 National Parks, 33 Game Reserves, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, and over 600 Forest Reserves. These totals exclude Wildlife Management Areas, Village Forest Reserves and Controlled Hunting Areas, most of which are on village land and serve to regulate sustainable resource use, but also can act as corridors and dispersal areas for wildlife. The "Tanzania National Parks Authority, or TANAPA” is responsible for managing the network of National Parks. National Parks provide the highest conservation standing of all the protected area categories. They are created through an Act of Parliament, and require an act of parliament to be degazetted, which is difficult to secure. Other PA categories allow the Minister to degazette areas, or simple notification of parliament. Moreover, National Parks permit no extractive use, unlike other PA categories. As National Parks have higher inherent opportunity costs than other PAs"



UNDP's work in (country name)

  • On site education on the ways to rehabilitate the gully at Buhoro Village

    Communities participate in protecting Lake Tanganyika

    Buhoro village,  Kasulu District in Kigoma Region is among of the heavily degraded upstream villages which pour sediments to Lake Tanganyika through Ruchugi River which hasmore

1.2 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG7
  1. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources
  2. Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss
    • Proportion of land area covered by forest and proportion of species threatened with extinction
    • CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP)
    • Consumption of ozone-depleting substances
    • Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits
    • Proportion of total water resources used
    • Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected
  3. Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
    • Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source
    • Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility
  4. Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020
    • Proportion of urban population living in slums