Tanzania has made significant progress on the economic front with growth averaging 7 per cent since 2001. The country has also made progress in reaching several MDG targets, yet advances are much slower in poverty reduction (MDG 1) in spite of strong ODA levels. With the poverty headcount hardly falling and high population growth rates (2.9 per cent in 2008), the absolute number of poor Tanzanians has actually increased.
However concern over slow implementation of reform programmes, including the Public Financial Management reform, the business and investment climate, and the need for more equitable delivery of public services, has resulted in a deterioration of trust and confidence in development cooperation.
Other challenges that speaks to capacity gaps includes slow progress in achieving the MDGs, Capacity challenges in implementation, coordination and linkages of both core and sector reforms and Capacity gaps in policy analysis/formulation, strategic planning, implementation, coordination, and monitoring and evaluation. These capacity gaps are both institutional and human/technical.
UNDP support in this area aims to strengthen government capacity to lead, manage and coordinate development processes and results.
In response to emerging needs in Tanzania URT and Zanzibar, UNDP is supporting a three-tier approach that comprehensively seek to strengthen implementation of development effectiveness measures towards greater Development Partner alignment to national priorities while simultaneously strengthening Government’s capacity to effectively manage aid and lead the development cooperation. The three projects ensure close cooperation between Ministry of Finance URT, President’s Office Finance URT, President’s Office Finance Economy and Development Planning (Zanzibar) and the Development Partners Group
Over a five-year period, UNDP has supported aid management and coordination activities in a number of Government ministries in Tanzania URT and in the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar with a total of USD 6 million. USD 4.3 million has gone to Government (URT and RGoZ) activities while USD 1.74 million towards coordination and harmonization support to the Development Partners Group
For the Development Partners Group, UNDP has hosted the secretariat supporting the development partner coordination and harmonization efforts in accordance with the TAS and the JAST.The DPG Secretariat provides support to the Development Partners Group monthly meetings for Heads of Cooperation and Heads of Agencies in addition to other thematic groups such as the JAST working group, the Development Cooperation Forum, the Poverty Monitoring Group and other ad hoc requests. Furthermore, the DPG Secretariat facilitates engagement between DPG and GoT regarding the wider development effectiveness agenda in Tanzania, as agreed in the JAST
The Government of the United Republic of Tanzania has shown commendable efforts in reducing HIV prevalence from 7% to 5.7% (THMIS 2007/08). The Government in collaboration with Development Partners is providing leadership and necessary resources required to supporting interventions and programmes aiming at reaching the National Vision of having a society free from the threat of HIV/AIDS and achieving MDG 6.
Through UNDAP; UNDP Tanzania focuses attention in supporting the Tanzania National HIV/AIDS response by “Strengthening Institutional Capacity of National AIDS Commissions [Tanzania Commission for AIDS (TACAIDS) and Zanzibar AIDS Commission (ZAC)] for Gender and Human Rights Responsive Policies and Strategies with particular focus on enhancing Gender Equality and Universal Access rights to essential services for Key Populations (KPs).
The current key priorities under HIV/AIDS are:
- Strengthening capacity of Commissions, Ministries responsible for Local Government, Justice and Gender, Parliament, umbrella organizations of Civil Societies working on HIV/AIDS including networks of People Living with HIV/AID.
- Evaluation of the National HIV/AIDS Multi-sectoral Strategic Framework II (NMSF II) 2008-2012 was also conducted to develop NMSF III (2013-2017).
- Capacity strengthening on HIV/AIDS issues related to Human Rights, Gender and KPs to all staff members of the Commissions (TACAIDS; 69% men and 31% women and ZAC; 50% men and 50% women