Environment and Natural Resources
The livelihood of Tanzania’s fast growing population of 44 million is highly dependent on the environment and natural resources. Unsustainable harvesting of natural resources, unchecked cultivation, degradation of and encroachment of water sources coupled with global climate change pose challenges for achieving and sustaining the MDGs for environment.
The overall focus of UNDP is to ensure environmental sustainability through supporting MDAs and LGAs to integrate climate change adaptation and mitigation in their strategies and plans. In addition, MDAs, LGAs and Non-State Actors are supported to improve enforcement of environment laws and regulations for the protection of ecosystems, biodiversity and the sustainable management of natural resources. more
Projects and Initiatives
Of many serious environmental threats that face Lake Tanganyika, the most are excessive loads of sediments and nutrients caused by erosion in the watershed. The lake basin is undergoing deforestation at an alarming rate; rapid erosion as a consequence of this deforestation is resulting in the discharge of excessive load of nutrients and sediments into normally clear-water littoral and sublittoral environments. Industrial and urban pollution and intensive fishing using inappropriate methods are also imposing threat to the lake environment and its biological diversitymore
Tanzania is a major repository of globally significant biodiversity, ranking amongst the top countries in tropical Africa in terms of the number of distinct eco-regions represented and in species richness. The high turn over of biodiversity across the country presents a challenge to conservation managers as it means large areas need to be managed so as to conserve the full range biodiversity. Protected Areas(PAs) provide the principle means for protecting the countries biodiversity values.more