Access to safe water changes lives in Nungwi Village

People accessing clean and safe water

Khadija Komboni (36yrs) is a mother of 12 children living in Nungwi A village, North A District Zanzibar. As other areas in the world, the village faced serious impact of climate change including rise in the sea level which led to sea water intruding in ‘fresh’ water supplies, thus contaminating the wells and reduced water supplies.

Due to her large family, Khadijas daily domestic water demand is six jerry cans. Every day she wakes up at 3.00am with some of her children and fetches water till 9.00am. The well is 3km away from their house. The water fetch exercise caused her children to report late in school hence miss some of their lessons and sometimes harsh punishments from the teachers.

 “Household responsibilities and the back-breaking water-fetching exercise aren’t easy for me. My son who is in form one, and my grandsons get to school late every day. It had reached a point where all of them refuse to fetch water and the entire burden falls on me,” says Komboni.


  • AAP Pilot activities have been implemented in three (3) districts of Tanzania Mainland (Igunga, Mbinga and Misenyi District Councils) and Nungwi area in North A District of Zanzibar
  • Tanzania is one of 20 African countries that implemented Africa Adapatation Programme

The challenge of water access eased after the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in partnership with the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania launched Africa Adaptation Programme (AAP) implementation in Tanzania in 2009 with support from the Government of Japan. The programme focused on improving the supply of clean and safe water to households in pilot projects communities.

To implement this, the project constructed new water facilities including 10 water collecting points, tap stands and huge water reservoir tanks to ensure that water is available 24 hours a day. The project also constructed 8 km water pipeline from Kilimani village to Nungwi hence more that 11,000 experienced a huge improvement   in water supply after a long time of water shortages.

With these improvements, the average Ng’ombo and Nungwi inhabitant’s access to water has increased from 5 litres to 20 litres per day.  The access also translates to less of a routine struggle especially for women and children who spend long-time walking long distance to water sources.

''The project has changed our life, we now have access to clean and safe water, we no longer worry about water borne ill-health. She continued. ‘’I have enough time to engage in other economic activities like cooking and selling chapatti and my children now can go to school on time. We thank the project for this''.Explained Khadija

The projects has developed climate change policy mainstreaming strategic guidelines and inter government departmental alliance, and   further supported four (4) Community Based Adaptation (CBA) pilot projects that were intended to provide evidence based policy lessons. The lessons learned from the implementation of pilot projects will inform Tanzania governments’ effort towards strengthening vulnerable community’s response to the impacts of climate change.

The AAP was established under the Japan-UNDP Joint Framework for building partnership to address Climate Change in Africa, which was founded at the Fourth Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) in May 2008.

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