Alternative livelihood options for highly-vulnerable youthNov 2, 2016
Joyce Namga is 16 and lives in Chinangali village, Chamwino District, Dodoma Region, Tanzania. She found herself unable to continue with secondary school studies due to the lack of school fees caused by the high level of poverty facing many households in the region. Joyce is a single mother to her eight months old daughter, the beautiful Samia Alfred as seen in the picture above carried by her mother Joyce.
In a village with high-poverty levels, no electricity and few opportunities for livelihoods, she was recently employed by the Local Village Council to maintain the new water source, a Solar-powered borehole supported by UNDP. Her role is to collect money from the villagers who pays TZS 100 per 3 buckets of clean water. In a village of roughly 4,600 population, the need for a clean water supply ensures she has a steady supply of customers for the entire day. The money collected is used to maintain the borehole infrastructure and any excess is invested in community development initiatives in Chinangali.
With the situation she has been facing before she was employed to this job, Joyce can now earn some money to support herself and baby Samia - “With this job, I now can begin to support my child and myself, as I know I have a steady income.” Her future plans include ensuring that she earns enough money to send her child to school with full stomach every day, and also to start her own income generating activity as a means to get away from poverty.
In Chamwino District, as in many rural areas of Tanzania, food security and livelihood depend heavily on agriculture, which in turn requires steady availability of water. Due to climate change, rainfall patterns have changed to become more inconsistent and unpredictable, and when it comes, it is short-lived and sometimes devastating causing flooding and soil erosion. Exploiting ground water is one of the alternatives for ensuring guaranteed supply of water for domestic use, agriculture and livestock.
The drilling of boreholes using renewable energy technologies such as solar panels or wind turbines, provides villages such as Chinangali the opportunity to access water all year round, which allows villagers to harvest vegetables which, in turn, increases their income and provides a degree of food-security. It also offers villagers the ability to wash daily, cook with clean water and most importantly provides a source of drinking water that is not easily contaminated by animals, thus reducing cases of water-borne diseases such as diarrhoea.
This project entitled “Improving Water Availability for Irrigated Agriculture Using Solar PV Systems among Agro-Pastoral Communities: From Theory to Action Oriented Project in Chinangali 1-Chamwino”, was supported by UNDP and implemented by local NGO Fadhili Teens Tanzania (FTT). The project intended to help the villagers of Chinangali develop resilience to climate change induced water shortages through tapping of underground water using renewable energy technologies.
This project contributes directly towards achievement of a number of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) namely SDG 1 on No Poverty, SDG 6 on Clean Water and Sanitation, SDG 7 on Clean Energy and SDG 13 on Climate Action while indirectly contributing to the rest of SDGs. It also contributes to the recently launched Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) initiative which is targeting to double the use of renewable energy among the other target.
More about the project contact:
Mr. Abbas Kitogo, Programme Specialist (Energy, Climate Change, Extractives)