Improving water accessibility through solar powered pumpJul 11, 2017
A small community of less than 2,000 people in Kurio village located three-hour drive from Dodoma Municipality in central Tanzania has struggled for decades to access portable water supply for domestic use. In recent
years, villagers used to travel up to 10km distance in search of water from unreliable and unsafe sources, which led to the eruption of waterborne diseases resulting from the use of contaminated water.
Women and young girls, who are mostly responsible for fetching water in the household, were unable to engage in other income generating activities or attend school, as they spent most of their time walking over miles to collect water for their household. Walking over a very long distance and spending hours searching for water was also one of the reasons that contributed to risks of sexual abuse and domestic violence’s.
In 2015-16, the UNDP in collaboration with the Dodoma regional administration and the Tanzania Development Light Organization (TADELO) established a project for improving water accessibility in the village. In this endeavour two solar boreholes were constructed with the capacity of 7,000 litres and 10,000 L/hr. Two storage tanks (10,000litres) were installed as part of the project at the project sites at Mleba and Dodoma sub-villages. One of the project aims was to address the problem of the severe scarcity of water in the rural communities.
Less than a year after the implementation of this project, the villagers registered several achievements. The
biggest achievement related to the vast improvement in beneficiaries’ standard of living. More than 3,000 people from these villages and neighbourhood access clean and safe water from near their households.
Having been relieved from spending much time on searching for water, women and girls are now better able to participate in other socio-economic activities including attending schools (especially girls) much more frequently. Kwamtoro Ward Councillor, Mr. John Adolph, described the project as the only community and environmental friendly project in the ward. He said,
Apart from being cost-effective in terms of operation and maintenance, it also contributes in environmental conservation.
We used to travel more than 5km to fetch water, which took up to five morning hours daily said
Said Ms. Rozy Michael Beda from Kurio village, adding,
This project has helped us so much, now I can spend morning hours working in my vegetable garden, and looking after my family”. Adolph, described the project as the only community and environmental friendly project in the ward. He said, “Apart from being cost-effective in terms of operation and maintenance, it also contributes in environmental conservation.
Mr. Baltazary Degera, a disabled man spotted fetching water while on his tricycle and said the following,
I am no longer seeing myself as burden to the family. This is because I can help them with fetching water using my bicycle
Moreover, most of the parents and teachers interviewed reported that accessibility of water contributed to improvement in performance of pupil as all the 11 pupils (girls only) passed their primary school national examinations in 2016 (one year after project implementation). This is the great achievement compared to last year (2015 prior to the project) when only 10 (6 girls and 4 boys) out of 35 pupils (20 girls and 15 boys) passed the standard VII leaving examinations.
This intervention is in line with SDG 6, which focuses on ensuring the availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation. Other SDG contributed to intervention are SDG 7 (on the use of affordable and clean energy sources) and SDG 13 (on combating climate change and its impacts).
The project is also consistent with Tanzania’s FYDP, National Water Policy (2002) and Vision 2025.
Outcome of the projects
- 7000- 10,000 Ltr / hr Borehole water discharge capacity
- 10,000 Ltr Capacity storage tanks installed at project sites
- More than 3,000 project beneficiries
Mr. Abbas Kitogo Practice Specialist, Energy, Climate Change & Extractives UNDP Tanzania firstname.lastname@example.org