The recent political crisis stemming from the 2015 presidential and legislative elections resulted in massive displacements and undermined the already fragile economy in the neighbouring country Burundi. Over 400,000 Burundians (representing 4.8% of the population in Burundi) have fled the country in the last two years. According to the June 2017 Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) report, an estimated 214,895 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) live across Burundi. 54% are women and girls, among them 28% are 6 -17 years old and 33% are 18-39 years old. Of those who have left Burundi, 56.1% have relocated to Tanzania. As of 31 July 2017, Tanzania is hosting 351,400 refugees and asylum-seekers, mainly from Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), in 3 camps in Northwest Tanzania: Nyarugusu, Nduta, and Mtendeli.
The project addresses the drivers of conflict and instability associated with forced displacement between Burundi and Tanzania is based on a three-pronged strategy:
- Strenthening cross-border protection monitoring whereas the rights of vulnarable migrats, stranded, disiplaced person, and aslyum seekers will be protects by migration offcials and revelant authorities.
- Increasing resilince; UNDP Tanzania in partnership with IOM will initate cash for work initatives for displaced persons and member of host communities. Other income generating activities will be created through the support of community-based professional associations, small local craft industry and through the creation of local cooperatives for producers.
- Improve conflict and grievances managemen In an already tense sociopolitical context, the return process may aggravate existing tensions. Violence may escalate again in a country where the rule of law and the judicial system are considerably weakened. This project includes activities aimed at better equipping local communities to prevent conflict and enhance social cohesion at the local level. Both Tanzanian communities surrounding refugee camps and potential communities of return in Burundi are targeted. The activities include access to trusted and efficient legal assistance and alternative resolutions of conflicts to settle displacement-related issues and disputes in a peaceful way.
Nirina Kiplagat, Community Dialogue Specialist
email@example.com or +255 789 941 950
Find out more about the project by downloading the project fact sheet.