Access to energy is still a challenge in Tanzania. It is estimated that around 70% of the population relies on biomass energy (charcoal and firewood) for cooking, which leads to the deforestation of about 400-500 hectares annually. The use of modern cooking technologies is limited by lack of access to efficient and environmentally friendly charcoal production as well as high costs of alternative energy sources, such as natural gas.
Access to electricity stands at 36 %, with most of the production coming from hydropower, which is becoming increasingly vulnerable to the effects of climate change. To partly meet the increasing demand, diesel generators are being relied on for commercial and residential power generation, leading to increased carbon emissions and higher costs for the end user. The current use of natural gas somewhat reduces reliance on hydropower and diesel.
There are several government policies, private sector initiatives, projects and programs that are being carried out in Tanzania’s energy sector, but the projects are often executed with limited coordination. This leads to duplication of efforts, ineffective use of resources and deviation from the achievement of national targets.
Under the leadership of the Ministry of Energy (MoE) with close cooperation from UNDP and other development partners, Tanzania’s Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) five-year full-fledged project seeks to integrate the multi-tier efforts of the country towards providing universal access to energy, increasing the energy efficiency and renewable energy aspects.
Investment in renewable energy generation is key to unlocking the natural renewable energy potential of Tanzania. The strategy is to come up with a supportive environment for business development, develop market networks, manufacture/make available quality products and attract investments from financial institutions and donor agencies. Grid expansion and energy efficiency under public administration will also be improved, contributing to scale up and roll out renewable energy initiatives.
Quality training and knowledge transfer will be ensured through a series of effective training approaches designed and monitored within the existing education system, which will incorporate renewable energy and energy efficiency issues.
Through a multi-stakeholder approach, the SE4ALL strategy aims to enhance coordination among stakeholders to oversee, collaborate and complement each other among the multiple government policies, initiatives, projects and programs that are currently being carried out in Tanzania’s energy sector.
Abbas Kitogo, Practice Specialist (Climate Change & Energy)
Find out more about the project by downloading the project fact sheet.