Enhancing forest nature reserves for biodiversity conservation



Tanzania ranks amongst the top countries in tropical Africa in terms of the representativeness of eco-regions, richness of species and extent of species endemism. The country is a major repository of globally significant biodiversity, and most of the species can be found in the forest nature reserves.

Despite the government’s efforts, Tanzania’s forests and the biodiversity they contain are still under considerable threat, with an average of 1 % of the forest area being lost every year. Other threats to the forests include clearance for subsistence agriculture, charcoal production, timber extraction and wildfires. In recent years, additional pressures have emerged, including the threat from mining activities and clearance for biofuels. These impacts extend into the forest reserves, leading to the loss of endemic species and biodiversity.

Underlying these threats are deeper social, political and economic issues including an increasing demand for agricultural and timber products, endemic poverty, marginalization of rural communities and women, weak land tenure and inadequate financial resources to implement forest conservation plans.

The project, which is co-funded by the Government of Tanzania, the Global Environment Facility (GEF), and other partners, is designed to remove the barriers hindering the forest stakeholders from addressing the drivers and threats to forests and biodiversity in the Forest Nature Reserves. The project aims to achieve this through consolidating and improving the management of the Forest Nature Reserves network and by strengthening the financial sustainability of the Forest Nature Reserves network.


Gertrude Lyatuu, Practice Specialist (Environment & Natural Resources)
gertrude.lyatuu@undp.org or+255 784 622 088

Find out more about the project by downloading the project fact sheet, or by reeading key achievements of the project




Project start date:

January 2014

Estimated end date:

December 2020

Focus area:

  • accelerate structural transformations
  • Project office:

    UNDP in United Republic of Tanzania

    Implementing partner:

    National Execution

    Full project information  

    Funding Support by

    Donor name

  • United Nations Development Pro
  • Government Of United Republic Of Tanzani
  • Global Environment Fund Truste
  • Amount contributed


    Delivery in previous fiscal year

    2020 $1,555

    2019 $337,292

    2018 $1,356,517

    2017 $1,632,422

    2016 $1,572,782

    2015 $417,525

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