Tanzania has sustained high economic growth over the last decade, averaging 6–7% a year. But while the poverty rate in the country has declined, 28.2% of the population in mainland and 44.4% in Zanzibar remain income poor, while the incidence of multi-dimensional poverty is 64% for Tanzania Mainland and 43.3% for Zanzibar.
Poverty rates are significantly higher in rural areas, and among women and girls, who are disproportionally affected by poverty. Women form a large proportion of the agricultural labor force, yet time poverty and gender-based inequalities in access to and control of productive and financial resources constrain their agricultural productivity. At the same time, over exploitation and unsustainable use of the environment and natural resources is further deepening poverty and inequalities.
At the national level, the project aims at integrating poverty, environment, gender and climate change objectives in overarching policies, guidelines and frameworks and their associated implementation mechanisms. At the sub-national level, the focus is at improving capacities in poverty and gender analytics, business plan development and resource mobilization. It will also facilitate dialogue between Local Government Authorities (LGAs), private sector and CSOs to scale up nature-based livelihood improvement initiatives from similar previous projects. The project will also pay specific attention to community level interventions to support women entrepreneurs to increase incomes from Environment and Natural Resources (ENR) sub-sectors-based enterprises.
Ernest Salla, Programme Specialist
Ambrose Mugisha, Technical Advisor