Securing watershed services through sustainable land management

The Uluguru and East Usambara mountains give rise to the Ruvu and Zigi rivers, which are amongst the most important catchment areas in Tanzania. The forests in these catchments provide critical watershed services, which are being compromised by human-induced pressures such as poor land use practices, causing rapid land use change and land degradation. 

High levels of poverty and population growth exacerbate the situation, as do inadequate infrastructure to provide communities with clean water, low levels of compliance with water use regulations and lack of coordination between various institutions and programmes operating in the catchment areas. Consequently, both the quality and the quantity of water in the Ruvu and Zigi rivers are declining, undermining ecosystem services and resulting in water shortages for people and the environment.  

In partnership with the Ministry of Water and Irrigation (MoWI), the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) and in collaboration with a range of other partners, UNDP has introduced a five-year project to address challenges with land use and infrastructure for clean water in the Ruvu and Zigi catchments. The project approach is organised under two components.

The first component is focused on building institutional capacity and strengthening coordination amongst Water Basin Authorities and other relevant stakeholders. 

The second component aims at implementing practical sustainable land management interventions to address land degradation in forests, rangelands and farmlands, with the overall purpose of securing watershed services and improving livelihoods. 


Gertrude Lyatuu, Practice Specialist (Environment & Natural Resources) or+255 784 622 088

Find out more about the project by downloading the project fact sheet. 



Project start date:

January 2016

Estimated end date:

December 2020

Focus area:

  • accelerate structural transformations
  • Project office:

    UNDP in United Republic of Tanzania

    Implementing partner:

    National Execution

    Full project information  

    Funding Support by

    Donor name

  • United Nations Development Pro
  • Global Environment Fund Truste
  • Amount contributed


    Delivery in previous fiscal year

    2020 $1,422

    2019 $1,259,893

    2018 $1,345,421

    2017 $1,079,293

    2016 $920,636

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